Tomb of Mariam Uz Zamani is Located in Sikandra, suburbs of Agra, UP. Tomb of Mariam-uz-Zamani was built by Emperor Jahangir in memory of his mother.
Located in Sikandra (suburbs of Agra, UP) Tomb of Mariam-uz-Zamani is the resting place (burial) of Emperor Akbar’s wife empress Jodha Bai. Tomb of Mariam-uz-Zamani was built by Emperor Jahangir in memory of his mother. It was the wish of the empress Jodha to be buried close to her Husband hence her son Jahangir built the tomb of Mariam Uz Zamani near the tomb of Akbar. The Tomb of Mariam-uz-Zamani is open to visitors from 6 am to 6 pm.
Tomb of Mariam-uz-Zamani – Overview:
Mariam UZ Zamani was the title given to the mother of Emperor Jahangir, who was Rajput princess most commonly referred to as Jodha Bai. She was the eldest daughter of the king of Amer Raja Bharmal and one of the main wives of emperor Akbar.
She got married to Akbar in the years 1562. She was given the title of Mariam Uz Zamani which means Mary of the age on the birth of her son Jahangir. She passed away in 1623 in Agra and her son built this tomb in affectionate memories of his mother in 1623. It is said that it was Jodha’s last wish to be buried close to her husband Akbar. Emperor Jahangir fulfilled his mother wish; Tomb of Mariam Uz Zamani is hardly 1.5 km away from the Tomb of Akbar the great. It is the nearest amongst tomb of all his other wives.
Architecture of Tomb of Mariam-uz-Zamani:
Tomb of Mariam-uz-Zamani was not built on an empty land, i.e. this place already a building which was later converted into her mausoleum. The original monument at this site was built by Sikandar Lodi in 1495 AD; it was an open baradari. Mughals adopted and transformed this monument into a tomb by adding crypt underneath the central compartment and remodeling it considerably in 1623 AD.
The Tomb of Mariam-uz-Zamani has 3 tombstones. First one is on the grave which is an underground mortuary chamber, the other is on the cenotaph above it and the last one is on the cenotaph at the terrace. The ground floor of the monument has about 40 chambers which were constructed by Sikandar Lodi, the plastered walls of the structure still have faint traces of the paintings. The cenotaph of Mariam Uz Zamani is housed at the center of the ground floor.
The tomb is situated in the center of Mughal Garden. It is housed on a platform there are stairs on its northern and southern sides. The 2 main corridors of the structure are divided into smaller compartments. The biggest of those is in the middle, at the corners four smaller square ones are present; further, four oblong one is in the center. The broad arches and vaulted ceiling are being by huge piers. The structure is made from brick and mortar and finishing is done with stucco.
The Mughals did some reconstruction to the monument; exteriors of the monuments were reconstructed using red sandstone panels, chajja and duchhati were added by them. On each frontage, there is a rectangular structure with forward projection and pointed arch in it. It is flanked by wings on the sides and these include 3 arches; set of double arches hence these in having duchhatti at the corners of the building. Chajjas protect the wings; duchhati can be accessed through stairways.
With the tomb the work of Mughals also lives today; remodeling of the structure by adding chhaparkhats and chhatris was done by them. The tomb is surrounded by four colossal chhatris and four oblong chhaparkhats in the middle of the four sides. The chhatris are made of red sandstone, its dome is white and these are placed on a square platform. The domes have Padma kosha (inverted lotus) on the top. There are about 40 brackets on one chhatri that support the internal intels and outer chhajja.
The chhaparkhat are built in a rectangular shape; these have about 8 pillars with alike cluster of brackets and white roof. The most significant ornament of the monument is chhaparkhats and chatris.
Distinctive features of the Tomb of Mariam-uz-Zamani:
Unlike other Mughal domes, the Tomb of Marian Uz Zamani does not have a dome. The front and backend of the tomb is identical. The rear entrance is an actual entrance rather than dummy entrance.
The front part of the tomb is decorated with designs; floral patterns these tell a great deal of the magnificence of this structure. The chhatris have lovely graven columns with hexangular bases. The stone brackets are placed just below the chhajja, friezes are carved marvelously above it. The white marble work also beautifies this monument.
Tomb of Mariam-uz-Zamani is beautiful and serene monument situated in Sikandra, Agra. Since it is situated close to Akbar’s tomb you can visit these two beautiful monuments simultaneously. After that one could go on to explore Fatehpur Sikri.