Located in the city of Allahabad, India (muhalla Khuldabad near Allahabad Junction Station) Khusro Bagh is a walled garden and mausoleum of 3 royals of Emperor Jahangir’s Family. This monument contains the tomb of Jahangir’s Son Khusrau Mirza, Jahangir’s wife and mother of Khusro Mirza, Rajput princess Manbhawati Bai also called Shah Begum and Jahangir’s daughter Nithar Begum. This monument is built in an area of about forty acres. The Allahabad Fort is merely 2 miles from Khusro Bagh. Khusro Bagh is named as an Indian Site of National Importance.
Khusro Bagh – History and Architecture:
The splendid sandstone mausoleums with massive walled gardens are beautiful examples of the architectural brilliance of the Mughals. These mausoleums were designed intricately by the best artists of those times. The main entrance, gardens and three tired tombs of Jahangir’s wife Shah Begum have been attributed to Emperor Jahangir’s principal court artist Aqa Reza.
Shah Begum was a Rajput princess and daughter of Raja Bhagwant Das of Amber. It is said that she was deeply stressed and heartbroken because of friction between her son Khusro and her husband Jahangir. Amidst this stress, she killed herself in 1604 by swallowing opium. Jahangir appointed Aqa Reza to design her tomb in 1606. Her tomb is a 3 storey terrace plinth which does not have the main mount. Experts often compare this to Fatehpur Sikri. However, Shah begum’s tomb does have a massive chhatri, her tomb is adorned with arabesque inscription. The carving of these beautiful inscriptions was done by Jahangir’s best calligrapher Mir Abdullah Mushkin Qalam.
The tomb of Khusro’s sister Nithar is situated next to the tomb of Shah Begum. It was constructed on her instructions between 1624-1625. The mausoleum of Nithar is empty; it does not contain her actual grave. Her tomb is situated on a raised platform. It is decorated splendidly with panels representing the scalloped arch motif. Under plinth are the rooms; the ceiling of these rooms is painted beautifully and has stars in concentric circles. The walls of the central room are adorned with floral decorations that represent Persian cypresses, flowers, plants, and wine vessels. Architecturally speaking compared to all three tombs of Khusro Bagh, this is the most elaborate one.
Prince Khusro Mirza was the eldest son of Jahangir after Khusro rebelled against his father; he was imprisoned by Jahangir in the same garden. In 1606 Khusro tried to escape from Khusro Bagh, his attempt to escape failed and following this he was blinded on the orders of his father. He was killed in 1622 on the orders of Prince Khurram (Shah Jahan) who was also his brother. His tomb was built in 1622; it is adorned with fretwork windows. Khusro’s tomb is the last one of these 3 tombs of Khusro Bagh.
During the times of revolt of 1851, Khusrau Bagh briefly served as headquarters for the sepoys under Maulvi Liaquat Ali (governor of liberated Allahabad). However the British were able to recapture Khusro Bagha and put down the Mutiny in 2 weeks.
Besides the architectural beauty of the mausoleums, another attraction of this place is the rich gardens with mango and guava trees in it. Many people visit these lush green gardens early in the morning and admire the beauty of this place. One can visit Khusro Bagh between 6 a.m. to 7 p.m. There is no entry fee charged to experience this beauty.
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