Hissar-e-Firoza is fort complex in located in Hissar city of Haryana state. Hissar is a Persian word word which means Fort. Hissar-e-Firoza was built by Tughlaq ruler Firoz shah Tughlaq. He built many structures as pats of this fort complex called Hissar-e-Firoza. One of the main structures Firoz Shah built in Hissar-e-Firoza was his palace called Firoz Shah Palace.
Firoz Shah Palace is located opposite to main Bus stand of the city. It is a 14th-century structure built by Firoz Shah Tughlaq of Tughlaq dynasty. The palace was part of the fort complex which was called Hissar-e-Firoza.
History – Hissar-e-Firoza
The original Hissar settlement existed within fortified walls that had four gates namely Mori gate, Delhi gate, Talaqi gate and Nagauri gate. It was called Hissar-e-Firoza meaning Fort of Firoza, Hissar is an Arabic word meaning fort.
It is said that after taking charge as the ruler, Firoz Shah Tuglaq visited various parts of his kingdom. When he came to this place (what is known as Hisar today), he decided to make a fort at the site. He destroyed a lot of Hindu and Jain structures and used their material to build his fort.
Although most parts of the old fort Hissar-e-Firoza lie in close vicinity to each other but these do not form a part of single complex today. For example, Firoz Shah Palace and Gujri palace are situated opposite each other and have a road between them.
The most prominent feature of the entire Hissar-e-Firoza complex includes Firoz Shah Complex, Tahkhana, mosque, GujriMahal and a Diwan e Aam etc.
The architectural style of these structures shows blend of Hindu and Islamic styles this is because the remnants of destroyed Hindu and Jain temples were used in its construction.
Firoz Shah Palace Complex:
Firoz Shah Place complex built in 1354 include Sultan’s residence i.e. Firoz Shah Place, Diwan E Am, three Tehkhanas, Shahi Darwaza, Baradari, Ashokan Pillar, Mosque and a Hammam.
Firoz palace: Palace has beautiful gardens adding to its beauty
Firoz Shah Palace is one of the famous attractions of the city. It has eye-catching architecture, it is built with rubble masonry and that is coated with thick layers of lime plaster. Entry into royal residence of Firoz Shah was through Shahi Darwaza meaning Royal Entrance.
As you explore the complex you will find these beautiful pillars. From the look of the sandstone carved pillars, one can tell that these originally belonged to some Hindu temples which were destroyed to make the palace. These beautifully carved sandstone pillars now support the arches of the palace.
The way leading to the terrace of the palace was embedded in its western walls. It has hollow core bastions and pillared hall that has other cells and rooms of the palace connected to it. It was perhaps meant for security purposes i.e. ensured protection from the roof of the palace.
While the western structures seem to be much older the eastern ones seem to be built later which include lotus tank placed on the terrace and red sandstone constructions towards palace’s eastern side.
There are several two and three storey buildings in the palace complex that surround the courtyard of the complex.
Diwan e Aam was situated in the open courtyard of the complex and one of the surrounding buildings housed a raised platform which has Sultan’s throne on it.
Lat Ki Masjid:
There is a mosque within the complex; it is called Lat Ki Masjid, which stands on 20ft high sandstone pillar which originally was Ashokan Pillar.
Gujri Palace was also constructed by Firoz Shah Tughlaq in 1356. The Place has some exquisite architectural features that make it a special Monument. The archaeological survey of India has declared it centrally protected monument.
The Palace is named after Firoz Shah’s wife or mistress Gujri. History does not give us enough information about Gujri therefore nothing can be said with certainty about the relationship of Firoz Shah and Gujri for whom he constructed this palace. The palace is built on a raised platform. When Firoz Shah built this palace he built a new city around it
Gujri palace includes Baradari, tanks constructed beneath the platform which were perhaps used for bathing and about nine graves in the place which belong to 17th or 18th century.