Chini ka Rauza is located in Agra, U.P Chini ka Rauza is resting place of Allama Afzal Khan Mullah who was a poet, scholar and Wazir (Prime minister) during the reign of Shah Jahan. The tomb is situated on the banks of Yamuna River. Chini ka Rauza gets its name from glazed tile work, tile for which were imported from China. The monument was built in the year 1635. Its has another monument neighboring it, which is Itmad-Ud-Daulah’s Tomb which is merely 1 km north from Chini ka Rauza.
History of Chini Ka Rauza:
Chini ka Rauza was built in the year 1635; it is a funerary monument dedicated to Persian poet Allama Afzal Khan Mullah, who later became wazir (prime minister of Mughal Empire) during the reign of Emperor Shah Jahan. Chini ka Rauza is an architectural masterpiece. Its glazed tile work makes it unique. Apparently, the monument was by Allama Afzal Khan Mullah himself during his lifetime. He died in 1639 in Lahore and is buried at Agra. The tomb is believed to be facing the holy city of Mecca.
The monument is built in Persian architectural style. The building is made from brownstones and colorful tiles imported from China. The walls of the tomb are adorned with beautiful Islamic inscriptions. The monument has octagonal shaped 3 storey tower. The tomb had 2 entrances one on the north and the other on the south side. This is truly an architectural masterpiece. It is one of its kind and one of the first tombs to be built in this architectural style.
The monument is decorated with colorful embellishments on balconies, Chajja, and brackets. The arches of the place are adorned with stunning designs and blue and orange tiles.
As of today, the condition of this gorgeous monument is pretty worn out. This beautiful piece of architecture is not maintained properly hence most part of it is ruined and only the main tomb has survived, not a lot of tourists visit this place. The severity of weather has also taken a toll on the monument; the colors from the tiles have faded. In the front elevation, earthenware pots were used to lighten the weight of the concrete filling which is a common practice followed in countries like Egypt and Rome.
The city of being an important city in the Mughal era has a lot of monuments situated on its land. While Chini Ka Rauza is not the most prominent monument of the city but its definitely worth mentioning, as this monument was the first of a kind.
Being an architecture enthusiast I had to visit this place. And I am glad that I did. I can very well imagine the amount of beauty this monument would have possessed originally.
Had this monument been maintained well this would have been quite popular, as with all its colorful tiles it would make a stunning background and subject for the photography enthusiasts.